Despite growing recognition of the problem, the obesity epidemic continues in the U.S., and obesity rates are increasing around the world. The latest estimates are that approximately 34% of adults and 15–20% of children and adolescents in the U.S. are obese. Obesity affects every segment of the U.S. population.
What is causing the obesity epidemic in America?
The two most commonly advanced reasons for the increase in the prevalence of obesity are certain food marketing practices and institutionally-driven reductions in physical activity, which we have taken to calling “the big two.” Elements of the big two include, but are not limited to, the “built environment”, increased …
When did obesity become an epidemic in America?
According to the findings, the obesity epidemic spread rapidly during the 1990s across all states, regions, and demographic groups in the United States. Obesity (defined as being over 30 percent above ideal body weight) in the population increased from 12 percent in 1991 to 17.9 percent in 1998.
Is obesity a disease or a choice?
Obesity is a chronic disease. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, obesity affects 42.8% of middle-age adults. Obesity is closely related to several other chronic diseases, including heart disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, certain cancers, joint diseases, and more.
Who is responsible for obesity epidemic?
Results of the study showed that 94 percent of people believed individuals are primarily or somewhat to blame for the rise in obesity, with parents coming in second at 91 percent primarily or somewhat to blame. Survey respondents felt farmers and grocery stores were relatively blameless for the rise in obesity.
How did obesity become an epidemic?
The high caloric density and trans-fat content of fast food are only some of the factors contributing to the obesity epidemic. In the past 30 years, the portion sizes of many foods have increased, leading to increased energy intake.
Is obesity a illness?
Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn’t just a cosmetic concern. It is a medical problem that increases your risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.
Is obesity a chronic condition?
Obesity is a chronic disease with a multifactorial etiology including genetics, environment, metabolism, lifestyle, and behavioral components.
Is obesity considered a disability?
The Social Security Administration (SSA) lists obesity as a complex and chronic condition due to excessive body fat. If your body mass index (BMI) is 30 or more, you are considered obese. … If you are obese or morbidly obese, that alone won’t qualify you for disability benefits.
What is the solution for obesity?
Preventing obesity in adults involves regular physical activity, a decrease in saturated fat intake, a decrease in sugar consumption, and an increase in fruit and vegetable consumption. In addition, family and healthcare professional involvement may help to maintain a healthy weight.
Will obesity shorten life expectancy?
For persons with severe obesity (BMI ≥40), life expectancy is reduced by as much as 20 years in men and by about 5 years in women.
Is the individual to blame for obesity?
A nationwide US survey reveals who is perceived as responsible for the rise in obesity. Eighty percent said individuals were primarily to blame obesity. Fifty-nine percent ascribed primary blame to parents. Manufacturers, grocers, restaurants, government, and farmers received less blame.