The basic metabolic panel (BMP) may be used to check the health of your kidneys, the status of your electrolyte and acid/base balance, as well as your blood glucose level – all of which are related to your body’s metabolism.
What does a basic metabolic panel test for?
A basic metabolic panel is a blood test that measures your sugar (glucose) level, electrolyte and fluid balance, and kidney function. Glucose is a type of sugar your body uses for energy. Electrolytes keep your body’s fluids in balance.
What could an abnormal BMP indicate?
The BMP evaluates: Glucose, a type of sugar used by the body for energy. Abnormal levels can indicate diabetes or hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Calcium, which plays an important role in muscle contraction, transmitting messages through the nerves, and the release of hormones.
What does it mean if your BMP is high?
A high may indicate acute or chronic kidney failure, Addison’s disease, diabetes, or dehydration. Chloride: Helps to regulate the amount of fluid in the body and maintain acid/base balance. A low value may indicate emphysema or chronic lung disease.
Is fasting required for a basic metabolic panel?
In an emergency, the basic metabolic panel can be done without any special preparation. But the results are more accurate when a person has been fasting. So your doctor may ask you not to eat or drink for 8 to 12 hours before having your blood taken.
What does a full panel blood test show?
A complete blood count (CBC) is a blood test used to evaluate your overall health and detect a wide range of disorders, including anemia, infection and leukemia. A complete blood count test measures several components and features of your blood, including: Red blood cells, which carry oxygen.
Does a basic metabolic panel include cholesterol?
Let’s run down common lab tests. When you go to your primary care physician for a check-up, your doctor may want to do a blood draw to check your cholesterol, your blood count (how many red and white blood cells and platelets you have circulating), and a basic metabolic or chemistry panel. Lipid panel = cholesterol.
What is normal BMP?
Normal results for a basic metabolic panel
|Test||Normal range (adults 18-60 years old)|
|albumin||3.4-5.4 g/dL (grams per deciliter of blood)|
|CO2 (carbon dioxide or bicarbonate)||23-29 mEq/L (milliequivalent units per liter of blood)|
|Ca+ (calcium)||8.6-10.2 mg/dL|
Does basic metabolic panel test liver function?
The basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a subset of the CMP and usually includes 8 tests. It does not include the liver tests (ALP, ALT, AST, and bilirubin) and protein tests (albumin and total protein).
What are the three main blood tests?
Blood test results components
A blood test is typically composed of three main tests: a complete blood count, a metabolic panel and a lipid panel. Each test for different things, which can be understood through a detailed analysis of the results.
Does BMP include BUN and creatinine?
A BMP test gives your doctor information about: blood urea nitrogen (BUN), or how much nitrogen is in your blood to measure kidney function. creatinine, another indicator of kidney function. glucose, or blood sugar (having high or low blood sugar could both indicate pancreatic issues)
What blood test shows metabolism?
A comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) is a test that measures 14 different substances in your blood. It provides important information about your body’s chemical balance and metabolism. Metabolism is the process of how the body uses food and energy.
Why do a CBC blood test?
The complete blood count (CBC) is a group of tests that evaluate the cells that circulate in blood, including red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets (PLTs). The CBC can evaluate your overall health and detect a variety of diseases and conditions, such as infections, anemia and leukemia.
What happens if you don’t fast before a blood test?
What happens if I don’t fast before a blood test? If you don’t fast before a test that requires it, the results may not be accurate. If you forget and eat or drink something, call your doctor or lab and ask if the test can still be done. They can then tell you if you need to reschedule your test.
Is it OK to drink coffee before a blood test?
Even if you drink it black, coffee can interfere with blood test results. That’s because it contains caffeine and soluble plant matter, which might skew your test results. Coffee is also a diuretic, which means that it will increase how much you pee. This can have a dehydrating effect.
Are cholesterol tests affected by food eaten the day before?
Fasting for 10 to 12 hours before a cholesterol test ensures that a single food or meal does not affect the outcome of the test. However, if you ate a cheeseburger every day, that probably would affect your numbers. Cholesterol levels are affected by what you eat over time.