The BMI was introduced in the early 19th century by a Belgian named Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet. He was a mathematician, not a physician. He produced the formula to give a quick and easy way to measure the degree of obesity of the general population to assist the government in allocating resources.
Why was the BMI created?
BMI is derived from a simple math formula. It was devised in the 1830s by Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet, a Belgian astronomer, mathematician, statistician and sociologist. It aims to estimate whether a person has a healthy weight by dividing their weight in kilograms (kg) by their height in meters squared.
Why BMI is inaccurate and misleading?
Body Mass Index’ biggest flaw is that it does not take into account the person’s body fat versus muscle (lean tissue) content. Muscle weighs more than fat (it is denser, a cubic inch of muscle weighs more than a cubic inch of fat). … A BMI calculation would class both of them as overweight.
What is BMI based on?
BMI is a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters. A high BMI can indicate high body fatness. To calculate BMI, see the Adult BMI Calculator or determine BMI by finding your height and weight in this BMI Index Chart . If your BMI is less than 18.5, it falls within the underweight range.
Who created BMI Index?
Why the BMI is wrong?
BMI does not measure body fat percentage
One of the main issues with BMI is that it cannot account for the difference between muscle and fat. Because muscle tissue is more dense than fat, many athletes and bodybuilders are considered overweight according to BMI despite being in peak athletic health.
What is importance of BMI?
Your BMI is a measurement that is a ratio of your weight and height. It’s a good way to gauge whether your weight is in healthy proportion to your height. In fact, knowing your BMI can help you – and your GP – determine any health risks you may face if it’s outside of the healthy range.
Who should not use BMI?
Furthermore, a low BMI (below 18.5) is also linked to poor health outcomes. That said, BMI fails to consider other aspects of health, such as age, sex, fat mass, muscle mass, race, genetics, and medical history.
What is more accurate than BMI?
Waist-to-height ratio more accurate than BMI in identifying obesity, new study shows. Summary: Calculating a person’s waist-to-height ratio is the most accurate and efficient way of identifying whether or not they are at risk of obesity in clinical practice, a new study shows.
How accurate is BMI if you are muscular?
There are a myriad of reasons why BMI isn’t as accurate a measure of health as many of us were brought up to believe, but one of the main ones is that BMI can’t distinguish between fat and muscle. A pound of fat takes up a much larger volume on the body than a pound of muscle, even though they of course weigh the same.
What should my BMI be for my age?
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) : A BMI of less than 18.5 means that a person is underweight. A BMI of between 18.5 and 24.9 is ideal. A BMI of between 25 and 29.9 is overweight.
What weight do I need to be to have a BMI of 25?
Charts and online calculators
4 in. tall is considered overweight (BMI is 25 to 29) if she weighs between about 145 and 169 pounds. She is considered obese (BMI is 30 or more) if she is closer to 174 pounds or more. A man who is 5 ft.
How much should a 5’5 female weigh?
Height and Weight Chart
|5′ 4″||110 to 144 lbs.||174 to 227 lbs.|
|5′ 5″||114 to 149 lbs.||180 to 234 lbs.|
|5′ 6″||118 to 154 lbs.||186 to 241 lbs.|
|5′ 7″||121 to 158 lbs.||191 to 249 lbs.|
Is a BMI of 18.5 healthy?
Your body mass index, or BMI, is the relationship between your weight and your height. A BMI of 20-25 is ideal; 25-30 is overweight and over 30 is obese. If your BMI is under 18.5, you’re considered underweight. If your BMI is 18.5-20, you’re a bit underweight and can’t afford to lose more.
What is the most healthy range for your BMI?
If your BMI is less than 18.5, it falls within the underweight range. If your BMI is 18.5 to 24.9, it falls within the normal or Healthy Weight range. If your BMI is 25.0 to 29.9, it falls within the overweight range. If your BMI is 30.0 or higher, it falls within the obese range.
Is BMI a good metric?
Body mass index is the standard metric for determining who is normal-weight, overweight and obese, but BMI is not an accurate measure of fat, and doesn’t explain the causes of poor health, scientists argue in an editorial today (Aug. 22) in the journal Science.