The kidneys are our body’s sewage treatment plants: By producing urine that leaves the body, they get rid of waste products, such as urea, that form in the body or that we have consumed in food and drinks. Urea forms when proteins are metabolized (broken down by the body).
What medications are metabolized by the kidneys?
Drugs such as morphine, paracetamol, and p-aminobenzoic acid are metabolized in the kidney and experimental renal disease has been shown to reduce drug metabolism in the diseased kidney compared with the contralateral normal kidney.
What is the main function of kidney?
Their main job is to cleanse the blood of toxins and transform the waste into urine. Each kidney weighs about 160 grams and gets rid of between one and one-and-a-half litres of urine per day. The two kidneys together filter 200 litres of fluid every 24 hours.
How does the kidneys metabolize protein?
During digestion, protein is broken down into various byproducts. Healthy kidneys remove the byproducts and filter out the wastes in the urine. When kidney function has declined, the byproducts of protein breakdown can build up in the blood instead of being cleared out in the urine.
What are the four main functions of the kidneys?
Their basic functions include:
- Regulation of extracellular fluid volume. The kidneys work to ensure an adequate quantity of plasma to keep blood flowing to vital organs.
- Regulation of osmolarity. …
- Regulation of ion concentrations. …
- Regulation of pH. …
- Excretion of wastes and toxins. …
- Production of hormones.
Does the kidney metabolise drugs?
Most drugs, particularly water-soluble drugs and their metabolites, are eliminated largely by the kidneys in urine. Therefore, drug dosing depends largely on kidney function. Some drugs are eliminated by excretion in the bile (a greenish yellow fluid secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder).
Why do I metabolize drugs so slow?
Because of their genetic makeup, some people process (metabolize) drugs slowly. As a result, a drug may accumulate in the body, causing toxicity. Other people metabolize drugs so quickly that after they take a usual dose, drug levels in the blood never become high enough for the drug to be effective.
Which kidney is more important?
The left kidney is located slightly more superior than the right kidney due to the larger size of the liver on the right side of the body. Unlike the other abdominal organs, the kidneys lie behind the peritoneum that lines the abdominal cavity and are thus considered to be retroperitoneal organs.
How do you improve kidney function?
Here are some tips to help keep your kidneys healthy.
- Keep active and fit. …
- Control your blood sugar. …
- Monitor blood pressure. …
- Monitor weight and eat a healthy diet. …
- Drink plenty of fluids. …
- Don’t smoke. …
- Be aware of the amount of OTC pills you take. …
- Have your kidney function tested if you’re at high risk.
How do I know if its kidney pain?
Symptoms of Kidney Pain
A dull ache that’s usually constant. Pain under your rib cage or in your belly. Pain in your side; usually only one side, but sometimes both hurt. Sharp or severe pain that may come in waves.
Do kidneys break down protein?
Protein byproducts are removed from the body by the kidneys, which filter it out in the urine. For someone with declining kidney function, the byproducts of protein breakdown in the body can build up in the blood instead of being cleared out.
How is protein removed from the body?
Once a protein source reaches your stomach, hydrochloric acid and enzymes called proteases break it down into smaller chains of amino acids. Amino acids are joined together by peptides, which are broken by proteases. From your stomach, these smaller chains of amino acids move into your small intestine.
What is it called when the body breaks down protein?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Catabolysis.
What color is urine when your kidneys are failing?
When kidneys are failing, the increased concentration and accumulation of substances in urine lead to a darker color which may be brown, red or purple. The color change is due to abnormal protein or sugar, high levels of red and white blood cells, and high numbers of tube-shaped particles called cellular casts.
Can you live without kidneys?
Can you live without kidneys? Because your kidneys are so important, you cannot live without them. But it is possible to live a perfectly healthy life with only one working kidney.
How do my kidneys work?
Your kidneys remove wastes and extra fluid from your body. Your kidneys also remove acid that is produced by the cells of your body and maintain a healthy balance of water, salts, and minerals—such as sodium, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium—in your blood.