A comprehensive metabolic panel is a blood test that measures your sugar (glucose) level, electrolyte and fluid balance, kidney function, and liver function. Glucose is a type of sugar your body uses for energy.
What tests are included in a basic metabolic panel?
This panel measures the blood levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), calcium, carbon dioxide, chloride, creatinine, glucose, potassium, and sodium. You may be asked to stop eating and drinking for 10 to 12 hours before you have this blood test.
What is the difference between basic metabolic panel and comprehensive metabolic panel?
How is the BMP different than the CMP and why would my doctor order one over the other? The BMP typically includes 8 tests. The comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) usually includes 14 tests – the 8 from the BMP as well as 2 protein tests (albumin and total protein) and 4 liver tests (ALP, ALT, AST, and bilirubin).
What does an abnormal comprehensive metabolic panel mean?
These help your body balance its fluids. They also help control your heartbeat and how your muscles and your brain work. Abnormal results could mean you have heart disease or kidney disease, or that you’re dehydrated.
What is a normal comprehensive metabolic panel results?
ALT (alanine aminotransferase): 4 to 36 U/L. AST (aspartate aminotransferase): 8 to 33 U/L. BUN (blood urea nitrogen): 6 to 20 mg/dL (2.14 to 7.14 mmol/L) Calcium : 8.5 to 10.2 mg/dL (2.13 to 2.55 mmol/L)
Why would a doctor order a comprehensive metabolic panel?
Your doctor may order a comprehensive metabolic panel as part of a regular health examination. Your doctor may use this test to check on a medical condition, such as high blood pressure, or to help diagnose a medical condition, such as diabetes.
What does a full panel blood test show?
A complete blood count (CBC) is a blood test used to evaluate your overall health and detect a wide range of disorders, including anemia, infection and leukemia. A complete blood count test measures several components and features of your blood, including: Red blood cells, which carry oxygen.
Does basic metabolic panel require fasting?
In an emergency, the basic metabolic panel can be done without any special preparation. But the results are more accurate when a person has been fasting. So your doctor may ask you not to eat or drink for 8 to 12 hours before having your blood taken.
What is the normal range for basic metabolic panel?
CO2 (carbon dioxide): 23 to 29 mmol/L. Creatinine: 0.8 to 1.2 mg/dL (70.72 to 106.08 micromol/L) Glucose: 64 to 100 mg/dL (3.55 to 5.55 mmol/L) Serum chloride: 96 to 106 mmol/L.
Do you have to fast for a comprehensive metabolic panel?
Basic or comprehensive metabolic tests: Tests for blood sugar, electrolyte balance, and kidney function. Typically, people will be asked to fast for 10 to 12 hours before having one of these tests.
What blood tests show liver and kidney function?
The comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) is a blood test that gives doctors information about the body’s fluid balance, levels of electrolytes like sodium and potassium, and how well the kidneys and liver are working.
What is Alt on a metabolic panel?
The alanine aminotransferase (ALT) test is typically used to detect liver injury. It is often ordered in conjunction with aspartate aminotransferase (AST) as part of a liver panel or comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) to screen for and/or help diagnose liver disease.
What does high glucose mean in a metabolic panel?
A blood glucose test is a blood test that screens for diabetes by measuring the level of glucose (sugar) in a person’s blood. Normal blood glucose level (while fasting) range within 70 to 99 mg/dL (3.9 to 5.5 mmol/L). Higher ranges could indicate pre-diabetes or diabetes.
What are the three main blood tests?
Blood test results components
A blood test is typically composed of three main tests: a complete blood count, a metabolic panel and a lipid panel. Each test for different things, which can be understood through a detailed analysis of the results.
What is checked in a standard blood test?
A routine complete blood count (CBC) test checks for levels of 10 different components of every major cell in your blood: white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. Important components measured by this test include red blood cell count, hemoglobin, and hematocrit.
How is a basic metabolic panel performed?
How is a basic metabolic panel performed? A small amount of your blood is needed to perform this panel of tests. The blood sample is obtained through “venipuncture.” A needle is inserted into a vein in your arm or hand. Blood is drawn through the needle into a tube and analyzed in a laboratory.