Question: What is a basic metabolic panel used for?

A basic metabolic panel is a blood test that measures your sugar (glucose) level, electrolyte and fluid balance, and kidney function. Glucose is a type of sugar your body uses for energy. Electrolytes keep your body’s fluids in balance.

Do I need to fast for a basic metabolic panel?

In an emergency, the basic metabolic panel can be done without any special preparation. But the results are more accurate when a person has been fasting. So your doctor may ask you not to eat or drink for 8 to 12 hours before having your blood taken.

What is a good basic metabolic panel?

Normal Results

BUN : 6 to 20 mg/dL (2.14 to 7.14 mmol/L) CO2 (carbon dioxide) : 23 to 29 mmol/L. Creatinine : 0.8 to 1.2 mg/dL (70.72 to 106.08 micromol/L) Glucose : 64 to 100 mg/dL (3.55 to 5.55 mmol/L)

How is a basic metabolic panel performed?

How is a basic metabolic panel performed? A small amount of your blood is needed to perform this panel of tests. The blood sample is obtained through “venipuncture.” A needle is inserted into a vein in your arm or hand. Blood is drawn through the needle into a tube and analyzed in a laboratory.

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Can you eat before a basic metabolic panel?

Basic or comprehensive metabolic tests: Tests for blood sugar, electrolyte balance, and kidney function. Typically, people will be asked to fast for 10 to 12 hours before having one of these tests.

What can a metabolic panel tell you?

A comprehensive metabolic panel is a blood test that measures your sugar (glucose) level, electrolyte and fluid balance, kidney function, and liver function. Glucose is a type of sugar your body uses for energy. Electrolytes keep your body’s fluids in balance.

What happens if you don’t fast before a blood test?

What happens if I don’t fast before a blood test? If you don’t fast before a test that requires it, the results may not be accurate. If you forget and eat or drink something, call your doctor or lab and ask if the test can still be done. They can then tell you if you need to reschedule your test.

What’s included in a basic metabolic panel?

A BMP includes tests for the following:

  • Glucose, a type of sugar and your body’s main source of energy.
  • Calcium, one of the body’s most important minerals. …
  • Sodium, potassium, carbon dioxide, and chloride. …
  • BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and creatinine, waste products removed from your blood by your kidneys.

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What are the three main blood tests?

Blood test results components

A blood test is typically composed of three main tests: a complete blood count, a metabolic panel and a lipid panel. Each test for different things, which can be understood through a detailed analysis of the results.

Does a basic metabolic panel include cholesterol?

Let’s run down common lab tests. When you go to your primary care physician for a check-up, your doctor may want to do a blood draw to check your cholesterol, your blood count (how many red and white blood cells and platelets you have circulating), and a basic metabolic or chemistry panel. Lipid panel = cholesterol.

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Does basic metabolic panel test liver function?

The basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a subset of the CMP and usually includes 8 tests. It does not include the liver tests (ALP, ALT, AST, and bilirubin) and protein tests (albumin and total protein).

What blood tests show liver and kidney function?

The comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) is a blood test that gives doctors information about the body’s fluid balance, levels of electrolytes like sodium and potassium, and how well the kidneys and liver are working.

What does a basic blood test check for?

Specifically, blood tests can help doctors: Evaluate how well organs—such as the kidneys, liver, thyroid, and heart—are working. Diagnose diseases and conditions such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, anemia (uh-NEE-me-eh), and coronary heart disease. Find out whether you have risk factors for heart disease.

Are cholesterol tests affected by food eaten the day before?

Fasting for 10 to 12 hours before a cholesterol test ensures that a single food or meal does not affect the outcome of the test. However, if you ate a cheeseburger every day, that probably would affect your numbers. Cholesterol levels are affected by what you eat over time.

Is it OK to drink coffee before a blood test?

Even if you drink it black, coffee can interfere with blood test results. That’s because it contains caffeine and soluble plant matter, which might skew your test results. Coffee is also a diuretic, which means that it will increase how much you pee. This can have a dehydrating effect.

What is normal blood sugar by age?

Normal blood glucose levels for adults, without diabetes, is 90 to 110 mg/dL. Learn the symptoms of high and low blood sugar here.

Normal blood sugar levels for adolescents.

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Normal blood sugar levels for adolescents
Age 6-12 mg/dL
Fasting 80-180
Before meal 90-180
1-2 hours after eating Up to 140
Meal Plan