The two most common ways to measure abdominal obesity are waist circumference and waist size compared to hip size, also known as the waist-to-hip ratio. Several organizations have defined cut-points for abdominal obesity around one or both of these measurements, with different cut-points for men and women (see table).
What is a good indicator of central obesity?
Introduction to waist circumference
Measuring a person’s waist circumference (WC) is the simplest way to assess central obesity. WC has been shown to be one of the most accurate anthropometrical indicators of abdominal fat.
How do you test for central obesity?
The waist to hip ratio (WHR) is a simple measure of central obesity. The score from the WHR predicts the risk of developing several conditions associated with excess abdominal fat. All you need to measure your WHR is a measuring tape.
What is normal weight central obesity?
Body mass index was classified as follows: (1) normal weight, BMI from 18.5 to 24.9; (2) overweight, BMI from 25.0 to 29.9; and (3) obesity, BMI 30.0 or more. Central obesity was defined as WC higher than 88 cm.
How are obesity rates measured?
Body mass index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults. It is defined as a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters (kg/m2).
Why is central obesity bad?
Central obesity is associated with a statistically higher risk of heart disease, hypertension, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes (see below). With an increase in the waist to hip ratio and overall waist circumference the risk of death increases as well.
What waist size is overweight?
They found that overweight people with large waists — more than 34.5 inches for women or 40 inches for men — were at a similar risk of developing diabetes as people who were clinically obese .
Why abdominal obesity is harmful?
It impairs the body’s responsiveness to insulin, raising blood sugar and insulin levels. Excess body fat contributes to major causes of death and disability, including heart attacks, strokes, high blood pressure, cancer, diabetes, osteoarthritis, fatty liver, and depression.
What’s the best way to measure body fat?
Calipers are the cheapest, easiest and most portable method to measure body fat in specific areas. Using at least three spots on your body – chest, abs and thigh are often used – pinch the skin, pulling the muscle away from the fat and measure the fold with the calipers. Always test on the same side.
What is the BMI for obesity?
Adult Body Mass Index (BMI)
If your BMI is less than 18.5, it falls within the underweight range. If your BMI is 18.5 to <25, it falls within the healthy weight range. If your BMI is 25.0 to <30, it falls within the overweight range. If your BMI is 30.0 or higher, it falls within the obesity range.
How can we prevent central obesity?
20 Effective Tips to Lose Belly Fat (Backed by Science)
- Eat plenty of soluble fiber. …
- Avoid foods that contain trans fats. …
- Don’t drink too much alcohol. …
- Eat a high protein diet. …
- Reduce your stress levels. …
- Don’t eat a lot of sugary foods. …
- Do aerobic exercise (cardio) …
- Cut back on carbs — especially refined carbs.
What causes big stomach in females?
If you eat too much and exercise too little, you’re likely to carry excess weight — including belly fat. Also, your muscle mass might diminish slightly with age, while fat increases.
What is central female obesity?
They classified BMI as normal weight (18.5-24.9 kg/m2), overweight (25.0-29.9 kg/m2), and obese (≥30.0 kg/m2). They defined central obesity as WC >88 cm.
What weight do I need to be to have a BMI of 25?
4 in. tall is considered overweight (BMI is 25 to 29) if she weighs between about 145 and 169 pounds. She is considered obese (BMI is 30 or more) if she is closer to 174 pounds or more.
What is obese for my height?
Height: Weight: Your BMI is , indicating your weight is in the category for adults of your height. For your height, a normal weight range would be from to pounds.
Adult BMI Calculator.
|30.0 and Above||Obese|
Is there a better measure than BMI?
Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)
WHtR is more accurate than BMI because it takes central fat into consideration. Central fat is important because it collects around the organs in your midsection and has been closely linked to conditions such as heart disease.