TetanyRationale: Hypotension, seizures, and tetany are all clinical manifestations of metabolic alkalosis.
Which is a clinical manifestation of metabolic alkalosis?
Common causes include prolonged vomiting, hypovolemia, diuretic use, and hypokalemia. Renal impairment of HCO3− excretion must be present to sustain alkalosis. Symptoms and signs in severe cases include headache, lethargy, and tetany. Diagnosis is clinical and with arterial blood gas and serum electrolyte measurement.
What are the clinical manifestations of metabolic acidosis quizlet?
Terms in this set (6)
- Primary indicator. Decreased HCO3-
- Neurological. Drowsiness. Confusion. …
- CV. Decreased blood pressure. …
- GI. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain.
- Neuromuscular. No significant findings.
- Respiratory. Deep, rapid respirations (compensatory action by the lungs)
What is metabolic alkalosis quizlet?
Metabolic alkalosis. This bicarbonate excess is characterized by a high pH (>7.45), a high bicarbonate (>28 mEq/L), and PaCO2 higher than 45 mmHg. It may be caused by loss of acid or excess bicarbonate in the body. Respiratory System Compensation. Attempts to return the pH to normal by slowing the respiratory rate.
What causes metabolic alkalosis quizlet?
Causes of Metabolic Alkalosis? -excessive vomiting -prolonged gastric suctioning -electrolyte disturbances (hypokalemia) -Cushing’s disease -excessive NaHCO3 intake -OD on baking soda -diuretics -excessive mineralocorticoids.
Which of the following is the most common cause of metabolic alkalosis?
Loss of stomach acids.
This is the most common cause of metabolic alkalosis. It’s usually brought on by vomiting or suction through a nose-feeding tube. The gastric juices have a high content of hydrochloric acid, a strong acid. Its loss causes an increase in the alkalinity of the blood.
What is the common cause of metabolic alkalosis?
Key Points about Metabolic Alkalosis
The most common causes are volume depletion (particularly when involving loss of gastric acid and chloride (Cl) due to recurrent vomiting or nasogastric suction) and diuretic use. Metabolic alkalosis involving loss or excess secretion of Cl is termed chloride-responsive.
What is the most common cause of metabolic acidosis quizlet?
Renal failure is the most common cause of metabolic acidosis and occurs when the kidneys fail to excrete excess non-volatile acids, namely hydrogen.
What are three causes of metabolic acidosis quizlet?
Terms in this set (17)
- metabolic acidosis. …
- accumulation of metabolic acids, excess loss of bicarbonate, an increase in chloride levels. …
- shock, cardiac arrest, type 1 diabetes mellitus, acute or chronic renal failure impairs the excretion of metabolic acidosis, diarrhea, intestinal suction, abdominal fistulas.
What is the most common cause of metabolic alkalosis quizlet?
This occurs between RBC and blood plasma as the blood level of carbon dioxide increases or decreases. This is the most abundant mineral in the body. This imbalance results when systemic arterial blood CO2 levels raise to abnormal values. This is the most common cause of metabolic alkalosis.
Which change is one cause of metabolic alkalosis quizlet?
Excess of base or a loss of acid within the body can cause metabolic alkalosis. Excess base occurs from ingestion of antacids, excess use of bicarbonate, or use of lactate in dialysis.
Which one of the following drugs can cause metabolic alkalosis?
- Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors.
- Potassium-Sparing Diuretics.
- Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors.
- Potassium Supplements.
- Fluid Replacements.
- Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Agents.
Can pneumonia cause metabolic alkalosis?
Any condition which decreases pulmonary compliance causes a sensation of dyspnoea. Respiratory alkalosis is commonly found in patients with asthma, pneumonia & pulmonary embolism.
Which values would be expected with metabolic alkalosis?
Acidosis and Alkalosis
|Metabolic acidosis||Less than 7.35||Low|
|Metabolic alkalosis||Greater than 7.45||High|
|Respiratory acidosis||Less than 7.35||High|
|Respiratory alkalosis||Greater than 7.45||Low|