Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions that occur together, increasing your risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. These conditions include increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
What are the 5 components of metabolic syndrome?
The combination of hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, glucose intolerance, and obesity, particularly central obesity, has been termed the “metabolic syndrome.” It has been proposed that this syndrome is a powerful determinant of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (3–6).
What are the 3 components of metabolic syndrome?
Metabolic syndrome is a collection of conditions that often occur together and increase your risk of diabetes, stroke and heart disease. The main components of metabolic syndrome include obesity, high blood pressure, high blood triglycerides, low levels of HDL cholesterol and insulin resistance.
What are the 5 risk factors for metabolic syndrome?
Metabolic Risk Factors
- A Large Waistline. Having a large waistline means that you carry excess weight around your waist (abdominal obesity). …
- A High Triglyceride Level. Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the blood. …
- A Low HDL Cholesterol Level. …
- High Blood Pressure. …
- High Fasting Blood Sugar.
How do you diagnose metabolic syndrome?
You are diagnosed with metabolic syndrome if you have three or more of the following:
- A waistline of 40 inches or more for men and 35 inches or more for women (measured across the belly)
- A blood pressure of 130/85 mm Hg or higher or are taking blood pressure medications.
- A triglyceride level above 150 mg/dl.
What is the main cause of metabolic syndrome?
Metabolic syndrome is closely linked to overweight or obesity and inactivity. It’s also linked to a condition called insulin resistance. Normally, your digestive system breaks down the foods you eat into sugar. Insulin is a hormone made by your pancreas that helps sugar enter your cells to be used as fuel.
How do you fix metabolic syndrome?
Prevention and Treatment of Metabolic Syndrome
- Eat better. Adopt a diet rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, skinless poultry, fish, nuts, low-fat or fat-free dairy products, lean meats and vegetable protein. …
- Get active. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity a week. …
- Lose weight.
Is Thyroid a metabolic disorder?
Conclusions. Thyroid dysfunction, particularly subclinical hypothyroidism is common among metabolic syndrome patients, and is associated with some components of metabolic syndrome (waist circumference and HDL cholesterol).
What are examples of metabolic disorders?
- Familial hypercholesterolemia.
- Gaucher disease.
- Hunter syndrome.
- Krabbe disease.
- Maple syrup urine disease.
- Metachromatic leukodystrophy.
- Mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, stroke-like episodes (MELAS)
What is best diet for metabolic syndrome?
Eat a healthy diet.
In general, a diet that’s low in saturated fats, trans fat, cholesterol, and salt — and high in fruits, vegetables, lean protein, beans, low fat dairy, and whole grains — has been shown to help people with high blood pressure and a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.
How long does it take to reverse metabolic syndrome?
Among children with the Metabolic Syndrome, 100% experienced complete reversal of the syndrome within two weeks of starting the Pritikin Program.
How can you reduce the risk of metabolic syndrome?
- Exercise. Start slowly. …
- Eat a healthy diet with fruits and vegetables, lean protein, whole grains, and low fat dairy, and go easy on the saturated fats, trans fat, cholesterol, and salt.
- Lose weight if you’re overweight.
- Quit smoking if you smoke — now.
- Schedule regular checkups with your doctor.
What are the most common metabolic disorders?
Diabetes is the most common metabolic disease.
- liver cirrhosis.
- liver cancer.
- heart disease.
How can I reverse metabolic syndrome naturally?
Reversing the course
Yet the key to reversing metabolic syndrome is weight loss and exercise, which work together to lower blood pressure and cholesterol and help improve insulin resistance. Unfortunately, metabolic syndrome can make losing weight a struggle.
What supplements should I take for metabolic syndrome?
Supplements for metabolic syndrome
- For blood sugar: chromium supplements.
- For cholesterol: psyllium fiber, niacin or vitamin B-3 complex supplements, omega-3 fatty acid supplements.
- For blood pressure: potassium supplements.
- For blood pressure and cholesterol: garlic supplements.
What are the markers for metabolic syndrome?
The incidence of metabolic syndrome is evidenced by the presence of three out of five criteria: larger waistline, elevated blood pressure, raised triglyceride levels, reduced HDL-cholesterol and raised fasting glycaemia (or diabetes mellitus).