Childhood obesity is a complex health issue. It occurs when a child is well above the normal or healthy weight for his or her age and height. The causes of excess weight gain in young people are similar to those in adults, including behavior and genetics.
What is childhood obesity defined as?
Obesity is defined as a BMI at or above the 95th percentile for children and teens of the same age and sex. BMI is calculated by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms by the square of height in meters. For children and teens, BMI is age- and sex-specific and is often referred to as BMI-for-age.
What is the main cause of childhood obesity?
Lifestyle issues — too little activity and too many calories from food and drinks — are the main contributors to childhood obesity. But genetic and hormonal factors might play a role as well.
How is childhood obesity defined in England?
The epidemiological thresholds classify children with BMI centile of 85 to less than 95 as ‘at risk of overweight’ and of 95 or over as ‘at risk of obesity’. The clinical thresholds are more stringent and classify children with BMI centile of 91 to less than 98 as ‘overweight’, and of 98 or over as ‘obese’.
Who is affected by childhood obesity?
Prevalence of Childhood Obesity in the United States
The prevalence of obesity was 19.3% and affected about 14.4 million children and adolescents. Obesity prevalence was 13.4% among 2- to 5-year-olds, 20.3% among 6- to 11-year-olds, and 21.2% among 12- to 19-year-olds.
Where is child obesity most common?
Among children 10 to 19, Nauru still appears to have the highest obesity rate at 31.7%, followed by the Cook Islands at 30.3%, Palau at 29.4%, Niue at 27.6%, Tuvalu at 25.3%, Tonga at 24.9% and the Marshall Islands at 24.4%, according to WHO data from 2016.
How can we prevent childhood obesity?
The most important strategies for preventing obesity are healthy eating behaviors, regular physical activity, and reduced sedentary activity (such as watching television and videotapes, and playing computer games).
Are parents to blame for child obesity?
According to an ACNielsen survey of parents regarding the cause of the childhood obesity crisis: 1 percent of parents blamed manufacturers. 7 percent blamed advertising. 9 percent blamed the child.
What are the 3 main causes of obesity?
Therefore, the most common causes of obesity are overeating and physical inactivity. Ultimately, body weight is the result of genetics, metabolism, environment, behavior, and culture.
How can obesity be prevented and treated?
- Exercise regularly. You need to get 150 to 300 minutes of moderate-intensity activity a week to prevent weight gain. …
- Follow a healthy-eating plan. …
- Know and avoid the food traps that cause you to eat. …
- Monitor your weight regularly. …
- Be consistent.
What does obesity lead to?
Obesity is serious because it is associated with poorer mental health outcomes and reduced quality of life. Obesity is also associated with the leading causes of death in the United States and worldwide, including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and some types of cancer.
How common is child obesity?
In the past 3 decades, the prevalence of childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and tripled in adolescents. The latest data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey show that the prevalence of obesity among US children and adolescents was 18.5% in 2015-2016.
Why is childhood obesity a health issue?
In the short term, overweight and obesity increases a child’s risk of developing conditions that can affect physical health, such as sleep apnoea, breathlessness on exertion and/or reduced exercise tolerance, some orthopaedic and gastrointestinal problems, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NHMRC 2013).
What are 5 factors contributing to the increase in childhood obesity?
Five Factors Contributing to Childhood Obesity
- Factor 1: Genetics. Genetics is tricky when it comes to childhood obesity. …
- Factor 2: Food Quality and Quantity. …
- Factor 3: Parental Perception. …
- Factor 4: Lack of Physical Activity. …
- Factor 5: Environmental Resources.
Who obese people?
Obesity is defined as excessive body fat that increases your risk of other health problems. A person with a body mass index (BMI) above 30 is considered obese, while a person with a BMI between 25 and 30 is considered overweight.
How do we prevent obesity?
Obesity prevention for adults
- Consume less “bad” fat and more “good” fat.
- Consume less processed and sugary foods.
- Eat more servings of vegetables and fruits. …
- Eat plenty of dietary fiber.
- Focus on eating low–glycemic index foods. …
- Get the family involved in your journey. …
- Engage in regular aerobic activity.